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Fascia temporalis

Fossa temporalis - WikiSkript

  1. Fossa temporalis (jáma spánková) je lehké prohloubení lebky a nachází se na její boční straně
  2. The temporalis muscle is a broad muscle that occupies most of the temporal fossa. Its origin point spans the entire surface of the fossa below the temporal line. Additionally, some fibers originate from the temporal fascia as well. The temporalis muscle is divided into the anterior and posterior parts
  3. Fascia temporalis (fascia musculi temporalis) je vazivová blána pokrývající musculus temporalis, , , . Vytváří zároveň laterální stěnu fossa temporalis . Rozpíná se od linea temporalis superior ossis parietalis a rovněž z přilehlých squama frontalis a pars sqaumosa ossis temporalis a sbíhá kaudálně k hornímu okraji.
  4. a superficialis und La
  5. The temporoparietal fascia (TPF) is an extension of the subcutaneous musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) inferiorly and the galea aponeurotica superiorly. It provides a thin sheet of vascularized fascia based on the superficial temporal artery and vein. The temporal muscle fascia lies deep to the TPF over the temporalis muscle

This fascia is commonly used in tympanoplasty, or surgical reconstruction of the eardrum. The muscle is accessible on the temples, and can be seen and felt contracting while the jaw is clenching and unclenching. Development. The temporalis is derived from the first pharyngeal arch in development. Innervatio Die Fascia temporalis bedeckt den Musculus temporalis als Faszie und dient ihm teilweise auch als Ursprung. Kraniale (kopfwärtige) Ansatzstelle für die Faszie ist die Schicht der Linea temporalis superior, wo diese an die Galea aponeurotica grenzt; kaudale (steißwärtige) Ansatzstellt sind je nach Blatt einmal der mediale und ein anderes Mal der laterale Rand des Jochbogens: Die Lamina. METHODS: 20 dura mater, 20 pericranium and 20 temporalis fascia samples were analyzed. Each of the samples was stained with hematoxylin and eosin, orcein, Van Gieson, Masson's trichrome and Verhoeff-Van Gieson (600 slides in total) for a general morphological evaluation, as well as a quantitative, morphometric and densitometric analysis of. The superficial temporal artery lies on or in this layer. The subgaleal fascia is the layer usually referred to as the loose areolar layer or the subaponeurotic plane. This layer cleaves readily, allowing the skin, subcutaneous tissu

The temporalis fascia is a glistening white tissue layer best visualized in the superior portion of the incision. The superficial temporal vessels may be retracted anteriorly with the skin flap (sectioning some posterior and superior branches) or left in place (sectioning frontal branches) The temporal fascia is the dense fibrous layer that covers the temporalis muscle (Fig. 4.26) and its broad surface provides attachments to the superficial fibres of this muscle (Fig. 4.27). Superiorly, the temporal fascia continues with the epicranial fascia and is partially attached along the length of the superior temporal line

Temporalis fascia graft harvesting for endoscopic myringoplasty- Dr. Veerasigamani Narendrakuma The temporal fascia covers the Temporalis muscle. It is a strong, fibrous investment, covered, laterally, by the Auricularis anterior and superior, by the galea aponeurotica, and by part of the Orbicularis oculi. The superficial temporal vessels and the auriculotemporal nerve cross it from below upward Tutoplast ® Fascia Temporalis is an allogeneic collagenous tissue used to repair, replace or line patient tissue primarily in dental, ophthalmology, urology, plastic and reconstructive surgeries. Tutoplast ® Fascia Temporalis is processed through the Tutoplast ® Tissue Sterilization Process, which enables delivery of sterilized implants while preserving biocompatibility and structural. The temporal fascia is incised and reflected inferiorly in continuity with the craniocervical fascia and sternocleidomastoid muscle. The temporalis muscle is cut along the superior edge of the skin incision and reflected inferiorly and anteriorly. Two bur holes above and two below the sigmoid sinus are placed, and a single bone flap is cut.

Harvesting of temporalis fascia. Fascia can be used for repairing tympanic membrane.High definition vertion of this video can be accessed athttp://youtu.be/B.. Last Updated on Wed, 06 Jan 2021 | Temporalis Fascia The temporal branches of the facial nerve are often called the frontal branches when they reach the supraciliary region. The nerves provide motor innervation to the frontalis, the corrugator, the procerus, and, occasionally, a portion of the orbicularis oculi muscles For the past 70 years, fascial grafts have been used in reconstructive surgery mainly because of their tensile strength. Although the thigh (fasciae latae) has been the principal donor site, fascia taken from the temporalis muscle has the advantages of (1) ease of harvest under local anesthesia, (2) usually being in the same operative field, (3) minimal postoperative discomfort, and (4.

La fascia temporal (Fascia temporalis) es la responsable de recubrir el músculo temporal. Es una fuerte y fibrosa membrana, que es cubierto por el músculo auricular anterior, y superiormente, por la galea aponeurótica y en parte por el músculo orbicular de los ojos the fascia covering the temporal muscle; it is composed of two layers, lamina superficialis and lamina profunda; both attach above to the superior temporal line but diverge inferiorly to attach to the lateral and medial surfaces of the zygomatic arch tem·po·ral fas·ci·a. [TA] the fascia covering the temporal muscle; it is composed of two layers, lamina superficialis and lamina profunda; both attach above to the superior temporal line but diverge inferiorly to attach to the lateral and medial surfaces of the zygomatic arch. Synonym (s): fascia temporalis [TA], temporal aponeurosis The temporalis muscle • The temporalis muscle is a large fan-shaped muscle that fills much of the temporal fossa. • Origin: from the bony surfaces of the fossa and the temporal fascia. • Insertion: on the coronoid process of the mandible • The more anterior fibers are oriented vertically while the more posterior fibers are oriented. Septal Perforation Repair Using Bilateral Mucosal Flaps With a Temporalis Fascia Interposition Graf

Temporalis: Origin, insertion, innervation, function Kenhu

Objective: Sulcus vocalis and vocal fold scar involve derangement of the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, which results in significant dysphonia. Many options exist for treatment, most of which have unsatisfactory and unpredictable outcomes. Autologous transplantation of temporalis fascia into the vocal fold (ATFV) has the potential to be a better treatment option, but long-term. The anatomy of the different layers of the temporalis fascia is reviewed. The superficial and deep layers of the temporalis fascia have been studied by light microscopy to assess any histological difference between the two

Klinická anatomie a fyziologie musculus temporalis: nové

Combination of lower lid fascia temporalis sling, lateral canthoplasty and tarsorrhaphy as a single-session procedure can effectively improve the functional and aesthetic complications of paralytic ectropion. Keywords . Canthoplasty, lower lid, paralytic ectropion, tarsorrhaphy, temporalis fascia The invention of microsurgical repair of chronic tympanic membrane perforation was one of the great contributions of 20th century otology. With success rates in experienced hands well over 90%, it is also among the most successful of all ear surgeries. As autologous material is readily available (e.g., temporalis fascia, tragal perichondrium), there is little rational Deep temporalis fascia This layer of fascia is an inferior extension of the pericranium. From the superior tem-poral line, it overlies the temporalis mus-cle. Below the superior margin of the orbit, it separates into superficial and deep layers of deep temporalis fascia to attach inferior-ly to the lateral and medial margins of th

The temporal fascia is a type of connective tissue that attaches to the superior temporal line and the zygomatic arch, both of which are found in the human skull. Part of the temporal fascia merges with the temporalis muscle and aids in forming the muscle's attachment points. Temporal aponeurosis is another name for the temporal fascia. fascia buccopharyngea => m. buccinator, vzadu se napojuje na raphe pterygomandibulare další útvary: corpus adiposum buccae - lok.: fossa infratemporalis; 2 laloky: a) temporální => v přední části fossa temporalis, b) bukální => mezi m. buccinator a m. massete Temporalis Muscle & Adjacent Connective Tissue. Releasing the temporal fascia on the side of the skull also can release tension in the jaw. Applying broad sweeping downward strokes to this muscle and its overlaying connective tissue can result in decreased TMJ tension and pain and can help to re-set the mandibular structure Sp. temporale (fossa temporalis) umístěno mezi kůží a fascia temporalis superficialis (povrchová část prostoru) umístěno mezi fascia temporalis superficialis a squama ossis temporalis) I

temporalis superficialis, maxillaris, thyroidea superior, lingualis, facialis, pharyngea ascendens, auricularis posterior, occipitalis . Pro hlavu mimo očnice umístěno mezi kůží a fascia temporalis superficialis (povrchová část prostoru) umístěno mezi fascia temporalis superficialis a squama ossis temporalis) 1 2. 3. 4 - pod podkožním svalem m. temporoparietalis je fascia temporalis - mezi arcus zygomaticus a crista temporalis je tukový polštář -› pokračuje v corpus adiposum -po planum temporale pod m. temporalis: o. aa. temporales profundae (z a. maxillaris) o. nn. temporales profundi (z n. mandibularis) o. žíly do plexus pterygoideus .

Fascia temporalis - DocCheck Flexiko

  1. ↑ Inscrição no Fascia temporalis no Flexikon, um Wiki da empresa DocCheck, acessado em 27 de novembro de 2015. ↑ PJ Wormalda e T. Alun-Jones: Anatomy of the temporalis fascia. In: The Journal of laryngology and otology número 105, julho de 1991. doi: 10.1017 / S0022215100116500. PMID 1875131; literatur
  2. a superficialis − pripevnená k vonkajšej ploche arcus zygomaticus; la
  3. Den gir feste ved den dype overflaten til de overfladiske fibrene i temporalis. Den glandula fascia fortsetter til den temporale fascia. referanser. Denne artikkelen inneholder tekst i det offentlige domene fra side 386 i den 20. utgaven av Grey's Anatomy (1918) Denne anatomi-artikkelen er en stubbe

The Temporoparietal Fascia (TPF) fla

  1. a interpterygoidea corpus adiposum buccae Bichati. Corpus adiposum buccae Bichati. souvislá vazivově-svalová vrstva spojující mimické svaly a vyplňující prostor mezi nimi a kolem nic
  2. Poskytuje připevnění svým hlubokým povrchem k povrchovým vláknům temporalis. Příušní fascia pokračuje do časového panelu. Reference. Tento článek včlení text do public domain ze strany 386 20. vydání Gray's Anatomy (1918
  3. •fascia buccopharyngea => m. buccinator, vzadu se napojuje na raphe pterygomandibulare •další útvary: corpus adiposum buccae - lok.: fossa infratemporalis; 2 laloky: a) temporální => v přední části fossa temporalis, b) bukální => mezi m. buccinator a m. massete
  4. Temporalis fascia was also associated with lesser post-operative complications. So this study finds that tympanoplasty done by postaural technique using temporalis fascia is better in terms of graft uptake, hearing improvement and postoperative complications when compared to tympanoplasty done by fascia lata. Home; Login
  5. cartilage and temporalis fascia had the similar graft uptake rate and the hearing outcome which was supported by Övet G et al. [14], and Yang T et al. [15]. The encouraging anatomical and functional results may be due to the circumferential flap elevation from the bony annulus. In our cases the anatomical an
  6. The preplanned incision in the temporalis region was performed with special attention to the hair follicles. A wide and easy dissection was made over the temporalis area, and a segment of the deep temporalis fascia was harvested, measuring approximately 30 × 30 mm. The graft size was similar for all patients
  7. Fascia temporalis. together with proc. temporalis o. zygomatici forms arcus zygomaticus. Crista supramastoidea. M. temporalis (beginning) Fascia temporalis. masticatory muscle. Foveola suprameatica Maceweni. antrum mastoideum deep within . Fossa mandibularis. for caput mandibulae
Temporoparietal Fascia Flap | Iowa Head and Neck Protocols

Temporal muscle - Wikipedi

The authors present a technique that increases the surface area of a temporalis fascia graft when used to provide smooth, dorsal coverage in cases of open tip rhinoplasty.. Numerous graft materials have been developed for use in rhinoplasty procedures in order to give or improve the contour and hide irregularities [1] Temporalis is a broad, radiating muscle, situated at the side of the head which arises from the whole of the temporal fossa (except that portion of it which is formed by the zygomatic bone) and from the deep surface of the temporal fascia. Its fibers converge as they descend, and end in a tendon, which passes deep to the zygomatic arch and is.

The Temporal Region

Additional ventral support of the globe after ventral orbitectomy via a temporalis fascia transposition flap resulted in an excellent functional and cosmetic outcome. Clinical significance. A temporalis fascia transposition flap can be used to reconstruct the ventral aspect of the orbit in dogs. Volume 48, Issue 6 We aim to compare the functional and anatomical outcomes of temporalis muscle fascia graft with that of full thickness composite tragal island cartilage graft in patients who are undergoing Type 1 Tympanoplasty. This is a prospective study conducted on 60 patients. Patients who underwent type 1 tympanoplasty were included in the study. Patients were divided into Group A (temporalis fascia. This is done in the avascular plane of the subgaleal fascia. Below the temporal line, the fascia is elevated off of the superficial layer of the deep temporal fascia. Be sure to leave the pericranium down above the temporal line and the deep temporal fascia down over the temporalis muscle To give an example, that temporalis fascia graft for a tympanoplasty when harvested through a separate incision would be coded with CPT 15769 for direct excision. In contrast, if autologous fat is harvested by liposuction technique (where a needle is inserted and fat cells withdrawn and prepared for injection in another site in the body.

Comparison of cartilage with temporalis fascia tympanoplasty: A meta-analysis of comparative studies. Mir Mohammad Jalali MD, Nose and Sinus Research Center, Amiralmomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. Search for more papers by this author The temporalis muscle lies deep to the temporoparietal fascia. It is a broad, radiating muscle that arises from the temporal fossa and from the deep surface of the temporal fascia. Its fibers converge inferiorly to form the tendon, which passes deep to the zygomatic arch and inserts into the medial surface of the coronoid process The lengthening temporalis myoplasty (or, temporalis muscle transfer) is one option available in dynamic smile reanimation. This procedure is not to be confused with the temporalis tendon transfer, which is a more abbreviated version of the temporalis myoplasty or muscle transfer

Fascia temporalis - Wikipedi

  1. imal donor site morbidity. Once healed, the diced cartilage within the DCF provides the lasting volume, while the fascia simply acts as a temporary vehicle to place and shape the cartilage
  2. aen (ett blad.
  3. Temporalis fascia graft shrinkage could be a contributory factor. However, to state that the use of a wet graft would improve graft uptake in anteriorly placed perforations would be too simplistic an assumption. A comparison of the anterior perforation results for dry and wet grafts.
  4. The August 2008 CPT Assistant discussed the repair of a tympanic membrane perforation, wherein a graft is harvested from either the temporalis fascia or other locations (ie, vein, periosteum, or conchal cartilage perichondrium). Occasionally, a graft is used from material other than autogenous tissue. If the temporalis fascia graft is harvested.
  5. The temporalis muscular fascia is contiguous with the pericranium above the superior temporal line and is contiguous with the masseter muscle fascia below the arch. The superficial temporal artery supplies the temporoparietal fascia flap. The artery emerges from the parotid tissue, gives off the middle temporal artery, and traverses a tortuous.
  6. Answer: A thigh fascia lata graft was not harvested to support 20922. Rather, if a temporalis fascia graft is harvested through a separate skin incision then you may separately report 20926 (tissue graft). However, if the tympanoplasty is performed via post-auricular incision then 20926 is not separately reported for the temporalis fascia graft.
  7. The temporalis muscle originates from the temporal fossa and the temporal fascia, and then the muscle extends down the side of the face and attaches to the mandible or lower jaw. What are the origins insertions and actions of the temporalis and masseter muscles

Temporalis fascia and tragal perichondrium had more anatomic proximity, compliance and translucency. The mode of action of these biological graft materials is that it provides support for the membrane remnant to proliferate and heal the defect. The temporalis fascia is thin, translucent and available in sufficient amount; but due to its close. ↑ Entrada sobre Fascia temporalis en Flexikon, un Wiki de la empresa DocCheck, consultado el 27 de noviembre de 2015. ↑ PJ Wormalda y T. Alun-Jones: Anatomía de la fascia temporal. En: The Journal of laringology and otology número 105, julio de 1991. doi: 10.1017 / S0022215100116500. PMID 1875131; literatur The temporalis (also temporalis muscle, temporal muscle, latin: musculus temporalis) is one of the main muscles of mastication, which is involved in the elevation and retraction of the lower jaw.The temporal muscle is a wide, fan-shaped muscle on each side of the head that covers most of the temporal bone and fills the temporal fossa.The temporalis is covered by the temporal fascia Bases anatomiques et intérêt du lambeau pré-fabriqué de fascia temporalis et du lambeau sous-mental dans la perte de substance jugale due au noma June 2006 Morphologie 90(289):72-7

Characterization and morphological comparison of human

Temporalis fascia and tragal perichondrium both are excellent material to repair tympanic membrane. Graft uptake rate and hearing improvement are better in perichondrial graft. The objective of this study is to compare the results of tympanoplastywith underlay technique with respect to graft uptake, hearing improvement and complications fascia temporalis, masseterica Tukové těleso tváře (corpus adiposum buccae) vyplňuje prostor mezi svalem spánkovým a žvýkacím. Toto tukové těleso se u dětí nazývá Bušetův polštář Through the post auricular incision a piece of temporalis fascia is harvested to be used to close the eardrum perforation. The fascia is usually pressed and allowed to dry. This facilitates placement and positioning in the middle ear. Some surgeons use sterile tongue blades clamped by a cocker to press the fascia Clinical Features Superficial temporal- swelling limited by outline of temporalis fascia. Trismus. Severe pain. Deep temporal- less swelling, difficult to diagnose. Trismus. 25. Temporal Space Infection 26. Lateral Pharyngeal Space Boundaries Shape of an inverted cone or pyramid, the base is at sphenoid bone and the apex at hyoid bone. M.temporalis е покрит от fascia temporalis. Тя започва от linea temporalis superior и надолу се разцепва на два листа - повърхностен и дълбок. Повърхностният лист се прикепва по външната страна на arcus zygomaticus, а.

Surgical Anatomy Layers if the Scalp - Temporalis Fasci

  1. Halsfaszie. Die Halsfaszie ( lat. Fascia cervicalis, auch Fascia colli) ist eine Faszie, die aus drei Blättern, einem oberflächlichen, mittleren und tiefen Blatt besteht. Diese umfassen jeweils verschiedene Teile des Halses . Die anatomischen, transversalen Schichten des menschlichen Halses. Mit blauer Markierung die drei Halsfaszien
  2. Temporalis fascia and cartilage disk thinner than 500um have a sharper slope than tympanic membrane. However, cartilage disk thicker than 600um has a softer slope [16-18]. Acoustic sensitivity: Acoustic sensitivity of different grafts . was measured as amplitude-frequency curves. The curve fo
  3. Temporalis fascia 颞肌筋膜; 颞肌肌膜 收藏 . Temporalis flap 颞肌瓣 收藏 . Pars temporalis 颞侧部; 颞部 收藏 . Processus temporalis 颞突 收藏 . condylus temporalis 颞髁 收藏 . Fossa temporalis 颞凹 收藏 . Sulcus temporalis superior 颞上沟 收藏 . dimidiate fascia 半横带 收藏 . reserve parotid masseter.
  4. Temporalis fascia is the most widely used material for closure of tympanic membrane perforation14. In this study two different types of graft materials, fascia lata and temporalis fascia, have been studied. The study will be of help to identify which of the grafts used is better in terms of graft uptake as well as improvement in hearing
  5. A variety of interposition materials have been used, including temporalis muscle and fascia, dermis, auricular cartilage, fascia lata, fat, lyo-dura, silastic, silicone, and various metals [21, 23, 34, 35].The most commonly used interposition material is temporalis muscle flap. A number of surgical approaches have been devised to restore normal.
  6. Medical definition of temporal fascia: a broad fascia covering the temporalis and attached below to the zygomatic arch
Tympanoplasty - wikidocFrontotemporal (Pterional) Craniotomy Used to Exposetemporal augmentation ArchivesL17, Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Larynx at Vanderbilt

Preauricular approach - AO Foundatio

The results of this protocol were encouraging, while the functional results of interpositional arthroplasty on temporalis muscle and fascia flap were satisfactory. The findings of this study support the use of temporalis muscle and fascia flap in adult patients with unilateral TMJ ankylosis La fascia temporal (Fascia temporalis) es la responsable de recubrir el músculo temporal.. Es una fuerte y fibrosa membrana, que es cubierto por el músculo auricular anterior, y superiormente, por la galea aponeurótica y en parte por el músculo orbicular de los ojos.. Enlaces externos. Smith-Agreda, V.; Ferres-Torres, E. (2004). FASCIAS. Principios de anatomo-fisio-patología The authors report a new surgical technique of myoplasty of the temporalis muscle applied to the treatment of permanent Expan

Cat Muscle Diagrams TWO - Biology 380 with Mathis atMuscles origin, insertion and action Flashcards | Easy33: Temporomandibular Joint Surgery (Including Arthroscopy

Temporal Fascia - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

The temporal fascia covers the temporalis muscle.. It is a strong, fibrous investment, covered, laterally, by the auricularis anterior and superior, by the galea aponeurotica, and by part of the orbicularis oculi.. The superficial temporal vessels and the auriculotemporal nerve cross it from below upward.. Superiorly, it is a single layer, attached to the entire extent of the superior temporal. The Prefabricated Temporalis Fascio-Cutaneous Free Flap. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2009. M. Robiony. F. Agnelo. Corrado Toro. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper Background: This study sought to determine the efficacy of interpositional arthroplasty with temporalis muscle and fascia flap in the treatment of unilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in adults. Methods: This retrospective study of nine cases evaluated the postoperative results of interpositional arthroplasty on temporalis muscle and fascia flap in adults

Temporalis fascia graft harvesting- Dr

In addition, the use of vascularized tissue such as the galea, temporalis fascia, temporalis muscle, or free vascularized tissue transfer has prevented the complication of infection so frequently seen as a cause for morbidity and mortality in the past We have tried to use temporalis fascia that we think will cover some of the common complications and problems. The aim of this study was to introduce a predictable and stable material for augmentation Methods: We used temporalis fascia in 40 patients for lip augmentation paranasal augmentation and filling facial defects The temporalis muscle-tendon transfer with fascia lata is a safe and effective procedure for reanimation of the paralyzed smile. The technique provides a high degree of control over both the distance and direction of pull on the reanimated commissure Temporalis Fascia Planes and Dissection. A, The frontalis muscle and the galea in which the muscle is embedded have been elevated while preserving the full course of the temporal branches of cranial nerve (CN) VII from the stylomastoid foramen to the muscle. The nerves course in the loose areolar tissue on the outer surface of the superficial layer of temporal fascia and the frontal.

Temporal fascia - Fascia temporalis - IMAIO

True temporalis fascia is the most common graft because of its ease of harvest and its abundant availability, even in revision cases. Some surgeons prefers loose areolar fascia (also known as fool's fascia) and prefer to save the true fascia for revision cases. Also, the fool's fascia is considered by some to be more pliable. The deep temporal fascia (temporalis fascia, investing fascia of temporalis) is separated from the superficial fascia by an avascular plane of loose areolar tissue. It completely invests the.

Implants - Tutoplast Fascia Temporalis - RTI Surgica

(Study group: 735 sc, Control group: 775 sc) CONCLUSION: Temporalis muscle fascia is most common used graft material in tympanoplasty, especially in primary cases. In literature permanent closure of perforation rates are reported as 83,2-97,6%. In our study this rate is lower than the litterature. This may be a result of that our department is. temporalis fascia graft tympanoplasty L. Lainie0559 Networker. Messages 59 Location Punta Gorda, FL Best answers 0. Nov 2, 2020 #1 The doctor harvested a supra auricular temporalis fascia graft and set aside. Later in the procedure he placed the graft trans-canal (tympanoplasty). I came up with 69631 and 15769

It was decided to repair this with temporalis fascia and muscle plug. The incision behind the ear was extended up slightly over the temporalis muscle and a cirlce of fascia with a thin layer of muscle attached was removed. This was laid muscle-down against the dural dehiscence, after being certain the CSF leak was coming from that area.. The anatomy of the different layers of the temporalis fascia is reviewed. The superficial and deep layers of the temporalis fascia have been studied by light microscopy to assess any histological difference between the two. We have also assessed the physical characteristics of the different layers by measuring their Young's modulus in the wet and dry states Purpose: We report the first description of temporalis fascia autograft to repair a late leakage bleb with scleral defect that occurred long time after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C.. Patient: A 65-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with chronic late bleb leakage on her right eye. She had previously undergone a trabeculectomy with mitomycin C 3 years ago for a pigmentary glaucoma The aim of the work: Improving the healing rate in tympanoplasty type 1. Objectives: To Evaluate the efficacy of Esterified Hyaluronic acid in the closure of central tympanic membrane perforation when added to a temporalis fascia and to compare its success rate in term of healing and hearing, with the of the superficial temporalis fascia grafts when used alone in the closure of central. A variety of interposition materials Conclusion The findings of this study support the use of have been used, including temporalis muscle and fascia, temporalis muscle and fascia flap in adult patients with dermis, auricular cartilage, fascia lata, fat, lyo-dura, silastic, unilateral TMJ ankylosis Title: Interrelation of temporal fascia, temporalis and masseter muscles Author: M.F. Sargon Subject: Indian Journal of Rheumatology, 67 (2018) 171-174. doi:10.1016/j.